My research is focused on understanding biodiversity, assessing the vulnerability of ecosystems to global change and using this knowledge to maximise the positive benefits of natural resource management and policy. I founded the Centre for Tropical Biodiversity & Climate Change research (CTBCC) at James Cook University in 2006 and was the inaugural Director for seven years (2006-2013) and subsequently the program leader for the Global Change Program. I was the convenor/director of the NCCARF National Adaptation Research Network - Terrestrial Biodiversity (2009-2013) and then directed the Natural Ecosystems Network under NCCARF II (2014-2017). I was the founding Chair of the IUCN Climate Change & Biodiversity Specialist Group and Chaired the Wet Tropics Management Authority Science Advisory Committee for five years.
My international reputation in research on biodiversity, climate change impacts and adaptation is demonstrated by:
• Peer review citations ( >26 000): top ten global citation ranking - global change biology (#4), tropical ecology
(#6) and macroecology (#10) (global rank based on Google Scholar citation analyses)
• Director – National Climate Change Adaptation Research Network – Natural Ecosystems (2015-2017)
• Lead Author - Australian National Adaptation Research Plan for Terrestrial Biodiversity 2017
• Convenor of National Climate Change Adaptation Research Network - Terrestrial Biodiversity (2009-2013)
• Chair (2011-2016) – Science Advisory Committee - Wet Tropics World Heritage Area Management Authority
• Chair (2011-2014) - Distinguished Advisor (2014-2016) – IUCN Species Survival Commission Climate Change Specialist Group.
• Member - Biodiversity Expert Advisory Group, PNG Department of Environment and Conservation.
• Author (5 person team) of the Australian National Adaptation Research Plan for Terrestrial Biodiversity 2010
• Invited and funded participation in 12 international meetings in last two years - 7 keynote/plenary talks.
o Earthwatch Institute Principal Investigator of the year awarded for an “outstanding contribution to
conservation research and public education”.
o The Wet Tropics Management Authority “Cassowary Award” for contributions to science
o JCU Faculty of Science & Engineering Deans award for “Excellence in Research”
My research was one of the first to identify global climate change as a severe threatening process in the tropics and that we may be facing many species extinctions in mountain systems around the world. This work resulted in the Australian Wet Tropics being internationally recognized by the IPCC as one of the world’s most vulnerable ecosystems. Papers in PLoS Biology, Nature, Nature Climate Change, American Naturalist, Global Change Biology, Diversity & Distributions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of London have made significant contributions to the high profile of climate change biology in the literature. My research is highly cited and has produced significant outcomes in research, policy and management at all levels from regional to international.
Current Professor – James Cook University
2009-2017 Director - Australian Natural Ecosystems National Adaptation Research Network
2006-2012 Founding Director - Centre for Tropical Biodiversity & Climate Change
2011 Founding Chair – IUCN Climate Change Specialist Group
2010 Professor (Personal Chair) – James Cook University
2006-2009 Queensland Smart State Senior Research Fellow
2005 Principal Research Fellow / Project Leader – Rainforest-CRC
2002-2004 Senior Research Fellow – Rainforest-CRC
2000-2002: Research Fellow ARC fellowship.
1999-2002: Project Coordinator of Rainforest CRC project examining the determinants of rarity. Research Fellow (Academic Level B) with Rainforest CRC biodiversity project.
1997 – 1999: Post-Doctoral Fellow with Rainforest CRC (academic level A).
1998: PhD (James Cook University): “Vertebrate Biodiversity & Assemblage Structure in the Australian Wet Tropics”.
• Biodiversity and climate change monitoring in the Wet Tropics. Collaborative project with Queensland Parks and Wildlife, Wet Tropics Management Authority and Indigenous land-owner groups to conduct monitoring and train rangers in monitoring across the region.
• Flagship leader: Global change in the Asia-Pacific. Centre for Tropical Environmental & Sustainability Science, James Cook University.
• Asia-Pacific Global Change Research Network: currently developing a network with nodes across the Asia-Pacific region. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uShPQSPZOkM ; https://climatechangeresearch.network/asia-pacific
• Director. National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility – Natural Ecosystems Adaptation Research Network (Terrestrial / Marine / Freshwater). Australian Government (2014-2017).
• Principal Author. National Adaptation Research Plan – Terrestrial Biodiversity. 2017. Department of Climate Change, Australian Government.
• Program Leader. Program 3 Condition and trends of North Queensland rainforests. National Environmental Research Program – Terrestrial Ecosystems hub. http://www.nerptropical.edu.au/program/condition-and-trends-north-queensland-rainforests
• Lead Principal Investigator: The role of refugia in ecosystem resilience and maintenance of terrestrial biodiversity in the face of global climate change. National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility. https://www.nccarf.edu.au/content/role-refugia-ecosystem-resilienceandmaintenance-terrestrial-biodiversity-face-global
• Lead Principal Investigator. Wildlife of Australia’s rainforests: the impacts of climate change on rainforest biodiversity. Earthwatch Institute http://au.earthwatch.org/expeditions/wildlife-ofaustralias-rainforests
• Lead Principal Investigator. Rainforest Biodiversity. Project 3.1 National Environmental Research Program – Terrestrial Ecosystems hub. http://www.nerptropical.edu.au/project/rainforest-biodiversity
• Principal Investigator. Global climate change and the impacts of temperature extremes on terrestrial biodiversity. Discovery Grant, Australian Research Council.
▪ Principal Investigator. Climate change adaptation strategies for Australian birds. National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility. http://www.nccarf.edu.au/publications/adaptation-strategiesaustralian-birds
I am a confident and practiced public speaker. I have presented in a wide variety of media and TV interviews, articles and books. During the last five years I have presented talks at many scientific meetings within Australia and internationally including a number of keynote/plenary presentations and prestigious colloquia. Selected examples that were fully funded by inviting organization are listed below.
I have also presented research at Government and Ministerial Briefings, public meetings, workshops, departmental seminars, Government program meetings and other scientific / community groups (QPWS; CSIRO; Wildlife Preservation Society).
Selected Invited Participation / Presentations fully funded by inviting organization:
• Climate change funding committee – Diversitas EU funds of ~24 million Euro, Brussels, 2020
• Climate change and species resilience. Deakin University, April 2019
• Climate Change Adaptation Workshop, Bhutan National Government, Ministry of Environment 2018
• Queensland Department of Environment – regional biodiversity assessment and prioritisation May 2018
• National University of Singapore 2017 – invited international speaker
• Co-convenor “Species on the Move Conference” Hobart Dec 2015
• Climate change and extinction. Invited symposium, Washington University, St Louis MO Sept 2015.
• Complexity Institute, Nanyang Technological Univ., Singapore –Invited Distinguished Lecturer Mar 2015
• Asia-Pacific Rainforest Policy Dialogue and Summit. Dept. of Environment. Nov 2014
• U. of Sydney. Biodiversity Loss and Business symposium. Plenary Speaker. Oct 2014.
• National University of Singapore – Keynote speaker – Climate change adaptation Nov 2013
• National University of Singapore – International invited speaker Mar 2011
• Aust. Society of Applied Statistics – Keynote Speaker 2011
• Birds Australia Congress – Keynote Aug 2010
• Fullbright Symposium – Symposium Organiser / Speaker, Aug 2010
• Aust. Local Governments Conference – Keynote Speaker Gold Coast June 2010
• UC Berkeley – Climate change research institute priorities workshop, Dec 2009
• Southeast Asian Gateway meeting, London 2009 (Keynote speaker: climate change & biodiversity)
• Future Species Distributions, ARC-NZ WG54, Adelaide, May 2009.
• Savanna Biodiversity & Climate Change & the National Reserve system, DEWHA, Darwin 2009.
• “Evolution – the experience” conference, Feb. 2009 Melbourne
• National Academy of Sciences (USA), Arthur M. Sackler Colloquium, Irvine Cal., Niche breadth & sensitivity to climate change, Dec 2008.
• Extinction in the tropics. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Panama, August 2008.
• Climate change impacts on biodiversity, presentation to US Congressional committee for Science & Technology, Jan 2008.
• Lead Author – National Adaptation Research Plan for Natural Ecosystems (2017)
• Directing the NCCARF Adaptation Research Network - Terrestrial Biodiversity including involvement of >2500 researchers, 50 institutions and most state / federal environment departments
• Author - National Adaptation Research Plan for Terrestrial Biodiversity 2010
• Savanna Biodiversity, climate change & protected areas workshop report – DEWHA 2009
• IUCN Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment for climate change London 2008
• Strategic National Assessment of the Vulnerability of Australia’s Biodiversity to Climate Change, Aust. Greenhouse Office 2007/2008.
• Invited expert reviewer: IPCC 4th Assessment Report on the impacts of climate change, 2007.
• Invited member of the GBRMPA climate change vulnerability advisory committee, 2007.
• Wet Tropics Management Authority, Scientific Advisory Committee, 2007-2016.
• IUCN Nature Conservation and climate change report
• Birdlife International – State of the Worlds Birds report 2004
• Ten Postdoctoral Research Fellows
• 22 completed and 3 current PhD students.
• Six completed Honours students
• Eight completed Masters students
• Subject Co-ordinator: Global Change Biology (3rd year & Msc)
• Subject Co-ordinator: Population & Community Ecology (3rd year & Msc)
• Subject Co-ordinator: Fundamentals of Ecology (2nd year)
• Subject Co-ordinator: Toolkit for the field biologist (2nd year)
• Subject Co-ordinator: Climate change in the South Pacific (3rd year)
• Contributed lectures and involved in field trip teaching and co-ordination in a number of subjects from 1st, 2nd, 3rd year undergraduate and MSc subjects including: “Conservation Biology”; “Community Ecology”; “Australian Vertebrate Fauna”; “Wildlife Ecology & Conservation” ; “Biometrics”; “Tropical Animal Biodiversity”; University of QLD – summer school (Climate change)
FIELD WORK EXPERIENCE:
I have extensive field experience in many aspects of field ecology gained from over 25 years of field work including: 30+ Earthwatch expeditions, field surveys of terrestrial vertebrates, invertebrates, plants and ecosystem processes in association with research on biodiversity, climate change, rarity, environmental impact assessments, teaching wildlife ecology and surveys of remote areas of the Wet Tropics. I have generally led these trips and been responsible for sampling methodology, budgets, staff, logistics and dissemination of results. I have also led and organised a number of longer, more remote expeditions in difficult terrain with large teams (9-24 people over 3-4 weeks).
Numerous environmental impact assessment consultancies involving a wide range of habitats, fauna, geographic areas and types of impacts. Surveys and assessments have predominantly involved the terrestrial vertebrate fauna but have included freshwater invertebrates, fish and invertebrate surveys. Output has included numerous unpublished reports and contributed to five refereed publications in journals.
Ecological Society of Australia; Ecological Society of America; Association of Tropical Biology & Conservation; Society for Conservation Biology; Australian Mammal Society; Australian Herpetological Society; Birds Australia
OTHER PROFESSIONAL SKILLS:
'A' class bird banding licence; Scuba Diving; Heavy Rigid driving licence; 4WD certificate; Chain saw certificate; First Aid certificate.
OTHER WORK EXPERIENCE:
Computer programmer for Planet Homes P/L, Townsville for 2 years.
Assistant manager of Townsville branch of Dick Smith Electronics for 8 months.
Owner/operator of ecotourism business for 2 years.
Woodwork, steel work, wildlife photography, bushwalking, skydiving, rock climbing, white water rafting, diving, travel (widely travelled in Europe, USA, New Zealand, Africa, Central/South America and Asia).
Listed in top 2% of scientists globally within field of ecology (Ioannidis et al. 2020. PLoS Biol 18)
Total publications: 154
Publications in Press: 14
Publications in review: 5
# papers with >500 citations: 9
# papers with >100 citations: 33
Global Ranking (citations – Google Scholar):
#4 Global Change Biology
#7 Tropical Ecology
1. Williams S.E. & A. de la Fuente. Long-term changes in populations of rainforest birds in the
Australian Wet Tropics bioregion: a climate/biodiversity emergency. Proceeding of the Royal Society
Lond. B RSPB-2021-0344
2. Leahy L., Scheffers, B., Williams, S.E., Andersen, A. Arboreality drives heat tolerance while
elevation drives cold tolerance in tropical rainforest ants. Functional Ecology FE-2021-00151
3. Brunner, R., B. Scheffers & S.E. Williams. Resilience-weighted prioritization can mitigate
distribution loss in a threatened biodiversity hotspot. Animal Conservation
4. Sevilha A.C., R.L. Pressey; H. Correa Wiederhecker; J. VanDerWal; S.E. Williams; G.R. Colli; J.
Marinho-Filho; M.Â. Marini; R. Constantino; R. Tidon; A. Scariot; B.M.T. Walter; T.B. Cavalcanti;
I.R. Diniz; L.J. Vitt; J.P. Caldwell. Digging deep for biodiversity information in data-deficient areas:
the case of the Paranã River Basin within a global biodiversity hotspot. Biodiversity & Conservation
5. Hoang V.C., D.M Hoang, L. Falconi & S.E. Williams. Understanding the current distribution of
endemic gibbons in Indochina: the influences of climate and biogeography. J. Biogeography
1. Williams SE, de la Fuente A, Harrington GN, Frith CB, Frith DW, Freeman AND, Chaplin D,
Garnett ST (2021) Tooth-billed Bowerbird Scenopoeetes dentirostris. In Action Plan for Australian
Birds 2020. (Eds ST Garnett, GB Baker) pp. XXX–XXX. CSIRO, Melbourne.
2. Williams SE, de la Fuente A, Freeman AND, Garnett ST (2021) Wet Tropics Australian King-Parrot
Alisterus scapularis minor. In Action Plan for Australian Birds 2020. (Eds ST Garnett, GB Baker) pp.
XXX–XXX. CSIRO, Melbourne.
3. Williams SE, de la Fuente A, Frith CB, Frith DW, Chaplin D, Garnett ST (2021) Golden Bowerbird
Prionodura newtoniana. In Action Plan for Australian Birds 2020. (Eds ST Garnett, GB Baker) pp.
XXX–XXX. CSIRO, Melbourne.
4. Williams SE, de la Fuente A, Frith CB, Frith DW, Garnett ST (2021) Golden Bowerbird Prionodura
newtoniana. In Action Plan for Australian Birds 2020. (Eds ST Garnett, GB Baker) pp. XXX–XXX.
5. Williams SE, de la Fuente A, Garnett ST (2021) Little Treecreeper Cormobates leucophaea minor. In
Action Plan for Australian Birds 2020. (Eds ST Garnett, GB Baker) pp. XXX–XXX. CSIRO,
6. Williams SE, de la Fuente A, Freeman AND, Garnett ST (2021) Fernwren Oreoscopus gutturalis. In
Action Plan for Australian Birds 2020. (Eds ST Garnett, GB Baker) pp. XXX–XXX. CSIRO,
7. Williams SE, de la Fuente A, Freeman AND, Garnett ST (2021) Wet Tropics Large-billed Scrubwren
Sericornis magnirostra viridior. In Action Plan for Australian Birds 2020. (Eds ST Garnett, GB
Baker) pp. XXX–XXX. CSIRO, Melbourne.
8. Williams SE, de la Fuente A, Garnett ST (2021) Atherton Scrubwren Sericornis keri. In Action Plan
for Australian Birds 2020. (Eds ST Garnett, GB Baker) pp. XXX–XXX. CSIRO, Melbourne.
9. Williams SE, de la Fuente A, Freeman AND, Garnett ST (2021) Wet Tropics Large-billed Scrubwren
Sericornis magnirostra viridior. In Action Plan for Australian Birds 2020. (Eds ST Garnett, GB
Baker) pp. XXX–XXX. CSIRO, Melbourne.
10. Williams SE, de la Fuente A, Garnett ST (2021) Mountain Thornbill Acanthiza katherina. In Action
Plan for Australian Birds 2020. (Eds ST Garnett, GB Baker) pp. XXX–XXX. CSIRO, Melbourne.
11. Williams SE, de la Fuente A, Freeman AND, Garnett ST (2021) Bower's Shrike-thrush Colluricincla
boweri. In Action Plan for Australian Birds 2021. (Eds ST Garnett, GB Baker) pp. XXX–XXX.
12. Williams SE, de la Fuente A, Garnett ST (2021) Wet Tropics Eastern Whipbird Psophodes olivaceus
lateralis. In Action Plan for Australian Birds 2020. (Eds ST Garnett, GB Baker) pp. XXX–XXX.
13. Williams SE, de la Fuente A, Frith CB, Frith DW, Garnett ST (2021) Victoria's Riflebird Lophorina
victoriae. In Action Plan for Australian Birds 2020. (Eds ST Garnett, GB Baker) pp. XXX–XXX.
14.Williams SE, de la Fuente A, Freeman AND, Frith DW, Frith CB, Garnett ST (2021) Grey-headed
Robin Heteromyias cinereifrons. In Action Plan for Australian Birds 2020. (Eds ST Garnett, GB
Baker) pp. XXX–XXX. CSIRO, Melbourne.
15. Leahy, L., Scheffers, B., Andersen, A., Hirsch, B., Williams, S.E. 2021. Vertical niche and elevation
range size in tropical ants: implications for climate resilience." Diversity and Distributions. 2021:
27:485–496 DOI: 10.1111/ddi.13210.
16. Williams, S.E., A.J. Hobday, L. Falconi, J-M Hero, N.J. Holbrook, S. Capon, N. Bond, S. Ling and
L. Hughes. 2020. Adaptation research priorities for natural ecosystems. Global Change Biology. 26:
410-416. DOI: 10.1111/gcb.14856
17. Leahy L., B.R. Scheffers, S.E. Williams, A.N. Andersen. 2020. Diversity and distribution of the
dominant ant genus Anonychomyrma (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in the Australian Wet Tropics.
Diversity. 12: 474
18. Elith, J., C.H. Graham, R. Valavi, M. Abegg, C. Bruce, A. Ford, A. Guisan, R.J. Hijmans, F.
Huettmann, L. Lohmann, B. Loiselle, C. Moritz, J. Overton, A.T. Peterson, S. Phillips, K. Richardson,
S.E. Williams, S.K. Wiser, T. Wohlgemuth, N.E. Zimmermann. 2020. Presence-only and presenceabsence data for comparing species distribution modeling methods. Biodiversity Informatics 15: 69-
19. Flenniken J.M., B.F Oliveira, R.P. Guralnick, S.E. Williams, B.R. Scheffers. 2020. Historical
environmental stability drives discordant niche filling dynamics across phylogenetic scales. Journal
of Biogeography. 47:807-816 DOI: 10.1111/jbi.13798
20. Hoffmann A. et al. & S.E. Williams. 2019. Impacts of recent climate change on terrestrial flora and
fauna: some emerging Australian examples. Austral Ecology 44: 3-27
21. Dorji, S., Rajaratnam, R., Falconi, L., Williams, S.E., Sinha, P. and Vernes, K.. 2018. Setting
Conservation and Research Priorities for Threatened Mammals of Eastern Himalayas. Conservation
Biology (DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13115)
22. Scheffers BR., & S.E. Williams. 2018. Trees make mountain passes shorter in the tropics. Frontiers
in Ecology & the Environment. 16: 101-108 (Doi: 10.1002/fee.1764)
23. Meade J., J. VanDerWal, C. Storlie, S.E. Williams, A. Gourret, A. Krockenberger, J. Welbergen
2018. Microhabitat-scale exposure of a rainforest marsupial to extreme temperature events under
climate change. Biology Letters 14: 20180189. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2018.0189
24. Hoang V.C, Hoang M.D., Ha T.L., Bui V.T., H.H. Covert, and S.E. Williams. Global distribution of
Northern yellow-cheeked crested gibbon Nomascus annamensis (Thinh, Mootnick, Thanh, Nadler and
Roos 2010) a new endemic gibbon species: a review. Primate Conservation 2018 (32): 185-191
25. Williams S.E., L.E. Falconi, A. Lowe, D. Bowman, S. Garnett, R. Kitching, C. Moritz, M. Christmas,
S. Boulter, J. Isaac. 2017. National Climate Change Adaptation Research Plan: Terrestrial
Biodiversity. National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility, Griffith University, Australia.
26. Scheffers B.R., L. Shoo, B. Phillips, S.L. Macdonald, A. Andersen, J. VanDerWal, C. Storlie, A.
Gourret, S.E. Williams. 2017. Vertical (arboreality) and horizontal (dispersal) movement increase the
resilience of vertebrates to climatic instability. Global Ecology & Biogeography. 26:787-798 DOI:
27. Pecl G.T., (+ co-authors) …..& S.E. Williams. 2017. Biodiversity redistribution under climate
change: impacts on ecosystems and human well-being. Science 355: 1389-1399 (Review paper based
on workshop organized by G.Pecl & S.E. Williams at “Species on the Move Conference”). DOI:
28. Scheffers, B. R., Edwards, D. P., Macdonald, S. L., Senior, R. A., Andriamahohatra, L. R., Roslan,
N., Rogers, A. M., Haugaasen, T., Wright, P. and Williams, S. E. 2017. Extreme thermal
heterogeneity in structurally complex tropical rain forests. Biotropica, 49: 35–44.
29. Young, B.E., T. Martin, J. Watson, W.B. Foden, S.E. Williams & B. Scheffers. 2016. Chapter 3.
Chap. 3: Setting climate change vulnerability assessment goals and objectives. In W.B. Foden and
B.E. Young, editors. IUCN SSC Guidelines for Assessing Species’ Vulnerability to Climate Change.
Version 1.0. Occasional Paper of the IUCN Species Survival Commission No. 59. Gland, Switzerland
and Cambridge, UK. pp 33–48.
30. Williams S.E., L.E. Falconi., C. Moritz & J. Fenker-Antunes. 2016. Ancient, endemic, rare and
threatened vertebrates of the Wet Tropics. State of the Wet Tropics Report, Wet Tropics Management
Authority, Cairns, Australia. http://www.wettropics.gov.au/site/user-assets/docs/sowt2015-16b5-
31. Fordham D.A., B.W. Brook, C.J. Hoskin, R.L. Pressey , J. VanDerWal, & S. E. Williams. 2016.
Extinction debt from climate change for frogs in the wet tropics. Biology Letters 12: DOI
32. Munoz, M., G. Langham, M. Brandley, D. Rosauer, S.E. Williams & C. Moritz. 2016. Basking
behavior predicts the evolution of heat tolerance in Australian rainforest lizards. Evolution 70: 2537–
33. Leitão, R., Zuanon, J.,Villeger, S.E., Williams, S.E., Baraloto, C., Fortunel, C., Mendonça, F.,
Mouillot, D. 2016. Rare species contribute disproportionately to the functional structure of species
assemblages. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 283: 20160084
34. Staunton K.M, A. Nakamura, C.J. Burwell, S.K.A. Robson & S.E. Williams. 2016. Elevational
distribution of flightless ground beetles in the tropical rainforests of north-eastern Australia. PLoS 1
11(5): e0155826. Doi:10.137/journal.pone.0155826
35. Xing S., T.C. Bonebrake, C. Cheung Tang, E.J. Pickett, W. Cheng, S.E. Greenspan, S.E. Williams &
B.R.Scheffers. 2016. Cool habitats support darker and bigger butterflies in Australian tropical forests.
Ecology & Evolution. 6: 8062-8074. DOI: 10.1002/ece3.2464
36. Williams S.E., L. Falconi & B. Scheffers. 2015. Let's get serious about protecting wildlife in a warming
world. The Conversation. http://theconversation.com/lets-get-serious-about-protecting-wildlife-in-awarming-world-42109
37. Williams S.E. & L. Falconi. 2015. Climate change could empty wildlife from Australia’s rainforests. The
38. Vanderwal J., S.E. Williams et al. 2015. Science can influence policy and benefit the public – here's
how. The Conversation. http://theconversation.com/science-can-influence-policy-and-benefit-thepublic-heres-how-41668
39. Pacifici M., W.B. Foden, P. Visconti, J.E.M. Watson, S.H.M. Butchart, K.M. Kovacs, B.R. Scheffers,
D.G. Hole, T.G. Martin, H.R Akçakaya, RT. Corlett, B Huntley, D Bickford, JA. Carr, AA.
Hoffmann, G F. Midgley, P Pearce-Kelly, RG Pearson, S.E. Williams, S.G. Willis, B. Young & C.
Rondinini. 2015. Assessing species vulnerability to climate change Nature Climate Change (Review
Article): DOI: 10.1038/NCLIMATE2448
40. Shoo L.P. & A.A. Hoffmann & S. Garnett & J.K. Scott & S.E. Williams. 2015. Making decisions to
conserve species under climate change – reply. Climatic Change (2015) 129:9–11
41. Welbergen J. A., Meade, J., Storlie, C., VanDerWal, J., Dalziell, A. H., Hodgson, L., Larson, J.,
Krockenberger, A. & Williams, S. E. 2015. Climate change and the impacts of extreme events on
Australia’s Wet Tropics biodiversity. Technical Report, National Environmental Research Program.
Department of Environment, Australia.
42. Anderson A.S., T. Marques, L.P. Shoo and S. E. Williams. 2015. Detectability in audio-visual
surveys of tropical rainforest birds: the influence of species, weather and habitat characteristics. PLoS
43. Storlie C., Merino-Viteri A., Phillips B., VanDerWal J., Welbergen J. and Williams S.E. 2014.
Stepping inside the niche: microclimate data are critical for accurate assessment of species’
vulnerability to climate change. Biology Letters 10: 20140576. DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2014.0576
44. Williams, S. E., B.R. Scheffers , J. VanDerWal, N. Roslan , A. Anderson and S. Parsons. 2014.
Species resilience: the key to understanding biodiversity in the rainforests of the Australian Wet
Tropics. Technical Report, National Environmental Research Program, Department of Environment,
45. Reside, A.E., J.A. Welbergen, B.L. Phillips, G.W. Wardell-Johnson, G. Keppel, S. Ferrier, S.E.
Williams, C.J. Storlie, J. VanDerWal. 2014. Characteristics of climate change refugia for Australian
biodiversity. Austral Ecology 39: 887-897
46. Parsons SA, RA Congdon, LP Shoo, V Valdez-Ramirez, S.E. Williams. 2014. Spatial Variability in
Litterfall, Litter Standing Crop and Litter Quality in a Tropical Rainforest Region. Biotropica 46:
47. Scheffers, BR., D.P. Edwards, A. Diesmos, Theodore A. Evans & S.E. Williams. 2014. Microhabitats
in the tropics buffer temperature in a globally coherent manner. Biology Letters 10:
48. Williams S.E., B.R. Scheffers, and J. Isaac. 2014. Tropical rainforests. Pp 67-72 in: “Ten
Commitments: reshaping the lucky country’s environment”, eds. D. Lindenmayer, S. Dovers, M.
Harris Olson and S. Morton. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne
49. Staunton, K., S. Robson, C. Burwell, A. Reside & S.E. Williams. 2014. Projected distributions and
diversity of flightless ground beetles within the Wet Tropics and their environmental correlates. PLoS
1: 9(2): e88635. Doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0088635
50. Parsons, S. A., Valdez-Ramirez, V., Congdon, R. A., and Williams, S.E. 2014. Contrasting patterns
of litterfall seasonality and seasonal changes in litter decomposability in a tropical rainforest region,
Biogeosciences Discuss., 11, 7901-7929, doi:10.5194/bgd-11-7901-2014, 2014.
51. Parsons, S. A., Valdez-Ramirez, V., Congdon, R. A., and Williams, S.E. 2014. Contrasting patterns
of litterfall seasonality and seasonal changes in litter decomposability in a tropical rainforest region,
Biogeosciences., 11, 5047-5056, doi:10.5194/bg-11-5047-2014
52. Scheffers, BR., D.P. Edwards, A. Diesmos, Theodore A. Evans & S.E. Williams. Microhabitats
reduce animal’s exposure to climate extremes. 2014. Global Change Biology 20:495-503
53. Williams, S.E. & B.R. Scheffers. 2013. As climate changes, animals move fast to escape the heat.
The Conversation. https://theconversation.com/as-climate-changes-animals-move-fast-to-escape-theheat-18511 (>9200 readers and over 200 comments)
54. Anderson A.S., C.J. Storlie, L.P. Shoo, R. G. Pearson, S.E. Williams. 2013. Current analogues of
future climate indicate the likely response of a sensitive montane tropical avifauna to a warming
world. PLoS ONE 8(7): e69393. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0069393
55. Scheffers, B.R., B. Phillips, W.F. Laurance, N.S. Sodhi, A. Diesmos, and S.E. Williams. 2013.
Increased arboreality at higher elevations: a novel biogeographic dimension. Proceedings of the
Royal Society B Lond. 280: 20131581
56. Scheffers B.R., R.M. Brunner, S.D. Ramirez, L.P. Shoo, A. Diesmos, and S.E. Williams. 2013.
Thermal buffering of microhabitats is a critical factor mediating warming vulnerability of frogs in the
Philippine biodiversity hotspot. Biotropica 45:628-635
57. Williams Y.M. et al. Terrestrial Report Card 2013: Climate change impacts and adaptation on
Australian biodiversity. 2012. National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility, Brisbane.
58. Reside, AE, VanDerWal, J, Phillips, B, Shoo, LP, Rosauer, DF, Anderson, BJ, Welbergen, J, Moritz,
C, Ferrier, S, Harwood, TD, Williams, KJ, Mackey, B, Hugh, S, Williams, SE 2013 Climate change
refugia for terrestrial biodiversity: Defining areas that promote species persistence and ecosystem
resilience in the face of global climate change, National Climate Change Adaptation Research
Facility, Gold Coast, pp. 216.
59. Isaac, J. & Williams, S.E. 2013. Climate change and extinctions. Cambridge Encyclopaedia of
Biodiversity 2nd Ed., S. Levin (ed.)
60. Zozaya, S.M., B.R. Scheffers, C.J. Hoskin, S.L. MacDonald & S.E. Williams. 2013. A significant range
extension of the wet tropics skink Eulamprus frerei. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum – Nature:
61. Garnett, S, Franklin, D, Ehmke, G, VanDerWal, J, Hodgson, L, Pavey, C, Reside, A, Welbergen, J,
Butchart, S, Perkins, G, Williams, S.E. 2013. Climate change adaptation strategies for Australian
birds, National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility, Gold Coast, Australia. pp.109.
62. Warren, R., VanDerWal, J., Price, J., Welbergen, J.A, Atkinson, I., Ramirez-Villegas, J., Osborn, T.J.,
Jarvis, A., Shoo, L.P., Williams, S.E., Lowe, J. 2013. Quantifying the benefit of early climate change
mitigation in avoiding biodiversity loss. Nature Climate Change 7: pp 678-682
63. Storlie C.J., Phillips B.L., VanDerWal J.J., Williams S.E. 2013. Improved spatial estimates of climate
predict patchier species distributions. Diversity & Distributions DOI: 10.1111/ddi.12068
64. Capon et al. (incl. S.E. Williams). 2013. Riparian ecosystems in the 21st Century: hotspots for climate
change adaptation? Ecosystems DOI: 10.1007/s10021-013-9656-1
65. Shoo, L. et al. (incl. S.E. Williams). 2013. Making decisions to conserve biodiversity under climate
change. Climatic Science 119: 239-246 DOI 10.1007/s10584-013-0699-2
66. Byrne, M., I.D. Lunt, J.J. Hellmann, N.J. Mitchell, S.T. Garnett, M.W. Hayward, T.G. Martin, E.
McDonald-Madden, K.K. Zander & S.E. Williams. 2013. Using assisted colonisation to conserve
biodiversity and restore ecosystem function under climate change. Biological Conservation. 157:
67. Laurance W. et al. (incl. S.E. Williams). 2012. Averting biodiversity collapse in tropical protected
areas. Nature 489: 290-294
68. Zamora-Vilchis, I., S.E. Williams & C.N. Johnson. 2012. Environmental temperature affects
prevalence of blood parasites of birds on an elevation gradient: implications for disease in a warming
climate. PLoS 1 7(6): e39208. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0039208
69. Anderson, A.S., Reside, A., VanDerWal, J., Shoo, L.S., Pearson,R.G. S.E. Williams. 2012.
Immigrants and refugees: the importance of dispersal in mediating biotic attrition under climate
change. Global Change Biology 18: 2126-2134
70. Bateman, B.L., J. VanDerWal, S.E. Williams & C.N. Johnson. 2012. How much influence do biotic
interactions have on predictions of shifts in species distributions under climate change? Diversity &
Distributions. DOI: 10.1111/j.1472-4642.2012.00922.x
71. Huey, R.B., M.R. Kearney, A Krockenberger, J.A.M. Holtum, M. Jess, S.E. Williams. 2012.
Predicting organismal vulnerability to climate warming: incorporating the buffering roles of
behaviour, physiology, and adaptation. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. 367: 1665-
72. Moritz C., G. Langham, M Kearney, A Krockenberger, J VanDerWal and SE Williams. 2012.
Integrating phylogeography and physiology reveals divergence of thermal traits between central and
peripheral lineages of tropical rainforest lizards. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society.
73. Little J.K., L.D. Prior, G.J. Williamson, S.E. Williams, D.M.J.S. Bowman. 2012. Fire weather risk
differs across rain forest - savanna boundaries in the humid tropics of north-eastern Australia. Austral
Ecology 37: 915-925
74. Parsons S.A., R.A. Congdon, IR Lawler, L.P. Shoo & S.E. Williams. 2012. Regional patterns and
controls of leaf decomposition and nutrient dynamics in Australian tropical rainforests. Austral Ecology
75. Oza A.U., K.E. Lovett, S.E. Williams & C. Moritz. 2012. Recent speciation and limited phylogeographic
structure in Mixophyes frogs from the Australian Wet Tropics. Molecular Phylogenetics & Evolution. 62:
76. Parsons, S.A., I.R. Lawler, R.A. Congdon & S.E. Williams. 2011. Rainforest litter quality and chemical
controls on leaf decomposition with near infrared spectrometry. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil
Science 174: 710–720
77. Reside, A., J. VanDerWal, A. Kutt, I. Watson & S.E. Williams. 2011. Fire regime shifts affect bird species
distributions. Diversity & Distributions. 18: 213-225.
78. Bell R.C., J.B. MacKenzie, M.J. Hickerson, KL. Chavarría, M. Cunningham, S.E. Williams, C.
Moritz. 2011. Comparative multi-locus phylogeography confirms multiple vicariance events in codistributed rainforest frogs. Proc. Royal Society Lond. B 279: 991-999
79.Hoskin C.J., Tonione M., MacKenzie J.B., Higgie, M., Williams S.E., VanDerWal J., & Moritz C.
2011. Persistence in peripheral refugia promotes speciation in a rainforest frog. American Naturalist
80. Shoo, L. et al. (incl. S.E. Williams). 2011. Engineering a future for amphibians under climate change. J.
of Applied Ecology 48:487-492
81. Laurance W.F. et al. (incl Williams S.E.) 2011. Global warming, elevational ranges and the
vulnerability of tropical biota. Biological Conservation 144: 548-557
82. Shoo, L.P., C. Storlie, J. VanDerWal, J. Little & S.E. Williams. 2011. Targeted protection and
restoration to conserve tropical biodiversity in a warming world. Global Change Biology 17:186-193.
83. Welbergen J.A., S.E. Williams, S. Goosem. 2011. Gap analysis of environmental research needs in the
Australian Wet Tropics. Marine & Tropical Science Research Facility, Australian Government.
84. Williams S.E., J. VanDerWal, J. Isaac, L. Shoo, C. Storlie, S. Fox, E.E. Bolitho, C. Moritz, C. Hoskin
& Y.M. Williams. 2010. Distributions, life history specialisation and phylogeny of the rainforest
vertebrates in the Australian Wet Tropics. Ecology 91(8): 2493 (Access DATA via Ecological
85. Williams S.E., Shoo L., Henriod R.& Pearson R.G. 2010. Elevational gradients in species abundance,
assemblage structure and energy use of rainforest birds in the Australian Wet Tropics bioregion
Austral Ecology 35: 650-664
86. Hughes L., R. Hobbs, A. Hopkins, J. McDonald, M. Stafford-Smith, W. Steffen & S.E. Williams. 2010.
National Climate Change Adaptation Research Plan: Terrestrial Biodiversity. Australian Government,
87. Shoo L.P., C. Storlie, Y.M. Williams & S.E. Williams. 2010. Potential for mountaintop boulder fields
to buffer species against extreme heat stress under climate change. International Journal of
Biometeorology 54: 475-478
88. Graham C.H., VanDerWal J., Phillips S., Moritz C., Williams S.E. 2010. Shifting refugia and species
persistence: tracking spatial shifts in habitat through time. Ecography 33:1062-1069
89. Bell R., M. Tonione, J. Parra, J. Mackenzie, S.E. Williams,& C. Moritz. 2010. Patterns of persistence
and isolation indicate resilience to climate change in montane rainforest lizards. Molecular Ecology
90. Williams S.E., Williams Y.M., VanDerWal, J., Shoo L.P., Isaac J. & Johnson, C. N. 2009. Ecological
specialization and population size: how rare species avoid extinction. Proceedings of the National
Academy of Science, USA 106:19737-19741
91. Shoo L.P., A. Anderson & S.E. Williams. 2009. On the status of the isolated Lewin’s Honeyeater
population (Meliphaga lewinii amphochlora) from the McIlwraith Range uplands, Cape York
Peninsula. Emu 109: 288-293
92. Vanderwal J., Shoo L.P., Johnson C.N. & Williams S.E. 2009. Abundance and the Environmental
Niche: Environmental Suitability Estimated from Niche Models Predicts the Upper Limit of Local
Abundance. American Naturalist 174:282-291
93. Yek, S.H., Williams, S.E., Burwell, C., Robson, S.K.A. & Crozier, R.H. 2009. Ground dwelling ants
as surrogates for establishing conservation priorities in the Australian Wet Tropics Journal of Insect
Science 9: 12, available online: insectscience.org/9.12
94. Isaac J.L., Vanderwal J., Johnson C.N. & Williams S.E. 2009. Resistance and resilience: quantifying
relative extinction risk in a diverse assemblage of tropical rainforest vertebrates. Diversity &
Distributions 15: 280-288
95. Moussalli, A., Moritz C., Williams S.E., & Carnaval A.C. 2009. Variable responses of skinks to a
common history of rainforest fluctuation: concordance between phylogeography and paleo-distribution
models. Molecular Ecology 18:483-499 (IF: 5.33 ERA: A)
96. Moritz, C., C. Hoskin, J. MacKenzie, B. Phillips, M. Tonioni, N. Silva, S.E. Williams, C.H. Graham.
2009. Assembly of, and evolution in, a rainforest suture zone. Proc Roy Soc B Lond.. 276:1235-1244
97. VanDerWal, J., Shoo, L.P. & Williams S.E. 2009. New approaches to understanding late Quaternary
climate fluctuations and refugial dynamics in Australian wet tropical rain forests. Journal of
Biogeography 36: 291-301
98. Vanderwal J., Shoo L.P., Graham C. & Williams S.E. 2009. Selecting pseudo-absence data for
presence-only distribution modeling: how far should you stray from what you know? Ecological
99. Li, J., D.W. Hilbert, T. Parker & S.E. Williams. 2009. How do species respond to climate change along
an elevation gradient? A case study of the Grey-headed Robin (Heteromyias albispecularis). Global
Change Biology 15: 255-267
100. Parsons, S., L.P. Shoo & Williams S.E. 2009. Volume measurements to determine forest litter
standing crop. Journal of Tropical Ecology 25: 665-669
101. Williams S.E., Shoo L.P., Isaac J., Hoffmann A.A. & Langham G. 2008. Toward an Integrated
Framework for Assessing the Vulnerability of Species to Climate Change. PLOS Biology 6: 2621-
102. Williams S.E, & Middleton J. 2008. Climatic seasonality, resource bottlenecks and abundance of
rainforest birds: implications for global climate change. Diversity & Distributions 14: 69-77
103. Graham et al. (including Williams). 2008. The influence of spatial errors in species occurrence
data on distribution models. J. of Applied Ecology 45: 239-247.
104. Williams S.E. & Isaac J. 2008. Tropical rainforests. Pp 67-72 in: “Ten Commitments: reshaping
the lucky country’s environment”, eds. D. Lindenmayer, S. Dovers, M. Harriss Olson and S. Morton,
CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne.
105. Wisz M.S. et al. (including Williams S.E.). 2008. Effects of sample size on the performance of
species distribution models. Diversity & Distributions 14: 763-773
106. Steiner, F.M., Schlick-Steiner, B.C., VanDerWal, J.J., Reuther, D., Keefe D., Christian, E., Stauffer,
C., Suarez, A.V., Williams, S.E. & Crozier R.H. 2008. Combined modelling of distribution and niche
in invasion biology: a case study of two invasive Tetramorium ant species. Diversity & Distributions
107. Williams, S.E., Isaac, J.L., Shoo, L.P. 2008. The impact of climate change on the biodiversity and
ecosystem functions of the Wet Tropics. Pp282-294 In Living in a dynamic tropical forest landscape,
N. Stork & S. Turton (eds.), Blackwell Publishing.
108. Williams, S.E., Isaac, J.L., Graham, C., Moritz, C.M. 2008. Towards an understanding of vertebrate
biodiversity in the Australian Wet Tropics. Pp133-149 In Living in a dynamic tropical forest landscape,
N. Stork & S. Turton (eds.), Blackwell Publishing.
109. Isaac, J. & Williams, S.E. 2007. Climate change and extinctions. Cambridge Encyclopaedia of
Biodiversity, S. Levin (ed.) Published online: doi:10.1016/B978-012226865-6/00579-1
110. Wilson R.D., Trueman J.W.H., Williams S.E., Yeates D.K. 2007. Altitudinally restricted
communities of Schizophoran flies in Queensland’s Wet Tropics: vulnerability to climate change.
Biodiversity & Conservation 16: 3163-3177
111. Guisan, A. et al. (including Williams). 2007. Sensitivity of predictive species distribution models to
change in grain size. Diversity and Distributions 13: 332-340.
112. Marsh H., Dennis A., Hines H., Kutt A., McDonald K., Weber E., Williams S.E. & Winter J.
2007. Optimising the allocation of management resources to species of wildlife. Conservation
Biology 21: 387-399.
113. Williams S.E. & Hilbert D. 2006. Climate change threats to the biodiversity of tropical rainforests in
Australia. Pp. 33-52 In Emerging Threats to Tropical Forests. W.F. Laurance & C. Peres (eds.). Chicago
114. Williams S.E. 2006. Vertebrates of the Wet Tropics rainforests of Australia: species distributions and
biodiversity. (282 pages) Cooperative Research Centre for Tropical Rainforest Ecology and
Management, Cairns, Australia ISBN 0 86443 762 5. http://www.rainforestcrc.jcu.edu.au/publications/vertebrate_distributions.htm
115. Williams, S.E., G. Langham and L. Shoo. 2006. Macroecology in the mountains of the Australian
wet tropics: the impacts of global climate change on rainforest biodiversity, p203 In Global change in
mountain regions, M.F. Price (ed.), Sapiens Publishing, UK, ISBN 0-9552282-2-0
116. Williams Y.M, Williams S.E., Waycott M., Alford R. & Johnson C.J. 2006. Niche breadth and
geographic range: ecological compensation for geographic rarity in rainforest frogs. Biology Letters
117. Shoo, L., Williams S.E. & J-M Hero. 2006. Predicting and detecting impacts of climate change
on montane rainforest birds in the Australian wet tropics, p.205. In Global change in mountain
regions, M.F. Price (ed.), Sapiens Publishing, UK, ISBN 0-9552282-2-0
118. Elith J., et al. (incl Williams S.E.) 2006. Novel methods improve prediction of species’
distributions from occurrence data. Ecography 29(2): 129-151 (news & reviews writeup in Nature,
most downloaded paper in Ecography history).
119. Shoo L.P., Williams S.E. & Hero J-M. 2006. Detecting climate change induced range shifts:
where and how should we be looking? Austral Ecology 31:22-29
120. Graham C., Moritz, C & Williams S.E. 2006. Habitat history improves prediction of biodiversity in a
rainforest fauna. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 103:632-636.
121. Cameron, A., C.D. Thomas, R.E. Green, M. Bakkenes, L.J. Beaumont, Y.C. Collingham, B.F. N.
Erasmus, M. Ferriera de Siqueira, A. Grainger, L. Hannah, L. Hughes, B. Huntley, A.S. van
Jaarsveld, G.F. Midgley, L. Miles, M.A. Ortega-Huerta, A.T. Peterson, O.L. Phillips, S.E. Williams.
2005. Will climate change catch us off guard? Conservation in Practice 5 (2): 28-29.
122. Hero J-M, Williams S.E. & Magnusson W. 2005. Ecological traits of declining amphibians in
upland areas of eastern Australia. Journal of Zoology, London 267: 221-232.
123. Shoo L.P., Williams S.E. & Hero J-M. 2005. Potential decoupling of trends in distribution area
and population size of species’ with climate change. Global Change Biology 11: 1469-1476.
124. Shoo L.P., Williams S.E & Hero J-M. 2005. Climate warming and the rainforest birds of the
Australian Wet Tropics: using abundance data as a sensitive predictor of the change in total population
size. Biological Conservation 125: 335-343.
125. Schneider C. & Williams S.E. 2005. Effects of quaternary Climate Change and Rainforest
Diversity: Insights from Spatial Analyses of Species and Genes in Australia’s Wet Tropics in Tropical
Rainforests: Past, Present & Future. Moritz C., Bermingham E. & Dick C. (Eds.), Chicago University
Press, Chicago, USA.
126. Kutt, A.S., Kemp, J.E., McDonald, K.R., Williams, Y., Williams, S.E., Hines, H.B., Hero, J-M.
and Torr, G. 2005. Vertebrate fauna survey of White Mountains National Park in the Desert Uplands
Bioregion, central-north Queensland. Australian Zoologist 33: 17-38
127. Williams, P., Kemp, J., Parsons, P., Devlin, T., Collins, E., and Williams, S.E. 2005. Post-fire
plant regeneration in montane heath of the Wet Tropics, north-eastern Queensland. Proceedings of
the Royal Society of Queensland 112: 63-70
128. Winter, J.W., Dillewaard, H.A., Williams, S.E.and Bolitho, E.E., 2004. Possums and gliders of
North Queensland: distribution and conservation status. Pp 26-50, in The Biology of Australian
Possums and Gliding Possums ed. by R.L. Goldingay and S.M. Jackson. Surrey Beatty & Sons,
129. Thomas, C.D., S.E. Williams, A. Cameron, R.E. Green, M. Bakkenes, L.J. Beaumont, Y.C.
Collingham, B.F. N. Erasmus, M. Ferriera de Siqueira, A. Grainger, L. Hannah, L. Hughes, B.
Huntley, A.S. van Jaarsveld, G.F. Midgley, L. Miles, M.A. Ortega-Huerta, A.T. Peterson, O.L.
Phillips. 2004. Extinction risk from climate change is high. Nature 2004 430:
130. Krockenberger A.K., Kitching, R., Turton, S.M.(eds) plus 12 other authors (including Williams).
2004. Environmental Crisis: Climate Change and Terrestrial Biodiversity in Queensland. Cooperative
Research Centre for Tropical Rainforest Ecology and Management. Rainforest CRC, Cairns, QLD,
131. Thomas C.D., A. Cameron, R.E. Green, M. Bakkenes, L.J. Beaumont, Y.C. Collingham, B.F. N.
Erasmus, M. Ferriera de Siqueira, L. Hannah, L. Hughes, B. Huntley, A.S. van Jaarsveld, G.F.
Midgley, L. Miles, M.A. Ortega-Huerta, A.T. Peterson, S.E. Williams. 2004. Extinction risk from
climate change. Nature 427: 145-148. Cover story for the issue.
132. Kutt, A.S., Kemp, J.E., McDonald, K.R., Williams, Y., Williams, S.E., Hines, H.B., Hero, J-M.
and Torr, G. 2003. Vertebrate fauna survey of White Mountains National Park, Desert Uplands
Bioregion, central-north Queensland. White Mountains Scientific Study Report, Geography
Monograph Series No 9, The Royal Geographic Society of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.
133. Williams S.E., Bolitho, E. E. & Fox, S. 2003. Climate change in Australian tropical rainforests: an
impending environmental catastrophe. Proceedings of the Royal Society Lond. B. 270:1887-1892.
https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2003.2464 Cover story for issue.
134. Williams S.E. 2003. Biodiversity and climate change in the tropical montane rainforests of
northern Australia. Pp. 20-21 In: Global climate change and biodiversity. R.E. Green, M. Harley. L.
Miles, J. Scharlemann, A. Watkinson & O. Watts (eds.) Published online at
135. Williams S.E. 2003. Impacts of global climate change on the rainforest vertebrates of the
Australian Wet Tropics. pp. 50-52. In: Climate change impacts on Biodiversity in Australia. Howden,
M., Hughes, L., Dunlop, M., Zethoven, I., Hilbert, D. & Chilcott, C. (eds.). Commonwealth of
136. Hilbert D. & Williams S.E. 2003. Global warming in the Wet Tropics. Issues in Tropical Forest
Landscapes. Cooperative Research Centre for Tropical Rainforest Ecology, James Cook University,
137. Williams S.E., Marsh H. & Winter, J. 2002. Spatial scale, species diversity and habitat structure:
small mammals in Australian tropical rainforest. Ecology 83 (5): 1317-1329.
138. Williams S.E. & Hero J-M. 2001. Multiple determinants of Australian tropical frog biodiversity
Biological Conservation 98: 1-10.
139. Williams S.E. 2001. Invited book review: “Australian rainforests: islands of green in a sea of fire”,
D.M.J.S. Bowman. Quarterly Review of Biology 76: 376
140. C. Moritz, K.S. Richardson, S. Ferrier, G.B. Monteith, J. Stanisic, S.E. Williams & T. Whiffin.
2001 Biogeographical concordance and efficiency of taxon indicators for establishing conservation
priority in a tropical rainforest biota. Proceedings of the Royal Society Lond. B. 268: 1875-1881.
141. Williams S.E., Vernes K. & Coughlan J. 1999. The vertebrate fauna of Cannabullen Plateau: a midaltitude rainforest in the Australian Wet Tropics. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 43: 849-858.
142. Williams S.E. & Hero J-M. 1998. Rainforest frogs of the Australian Wet tropics: guild classification
and the ecological similarity of declining species. Proceedings of the Royal Society Lond. B. 265: 597-
143. Williams S.E. & Marsh H. 1998. Changes in small mammal assemblage structure across a
rainforest/open forest ecotone. Journal of Tropical Ecology 14: 187-198.
144. Williams S.E. 1998. Spatial patterns of vertebrate biodiversity and assemblage structure in the
rainforests of the Australian Wet Tropics. Australian Journal of Ecology 23:185-186 (Phd abstract).
145. Williams S.E. 1997. Patterns of mammalian species richness in the Australian tropical rainforests:
are extinctions during historical contractions of the rainforest the primary determinant of current patterns
in biodiversity ? Wildlife Research 24: 513-530.
146. Williams S.E. & Pearson R.G. 1997. Historical rainforest contractions, localised extinctions and
patterns of vertebrate endemism in the rainforests of Australia’s Wet Tropics. Proceedings of the Royal
Society Lond. B. 264: 709-716. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.1997.0101
147. Williams S.E., Pearson R.G. & Walsh P.J. 1996. Distributions and biodiversity of the terrestrial
vertebrates of Australia’s Wet Tropics: a review of current knowledge. Pacific Conservation Biology
148. Williams S.E. 1995. Measuring and monitoring wildlife communities: the problem of bias. pp. 140-
144 in Conservation through sustainable use of wildlife, ed. by G.C. Grigg, P.T. Hale and D. Lunney.
Centre for Conservation Biology, The University of Queensland.
149. Williams S.E. 1994. The importance of riparian habitats to vertebrate assemblages in north
Queensland woodlands. Memoirs of Queensland Museum 35(1): 248
150. Williams S.E., Pearson R.G. & Burnett S. 1993. Survey of the vertebrate fauna of the Dotswood
area, north Queensland. Memoirs of Queensland Museum 33(1): 361-378.
151. Williams S.E., Pearson R.G. & Burnett S. 1993. Vertebrate fauna of three mountain tops in the
Townsville region (north Queensland): Mount Cleveland, Mount Elliot and Mount Halifax. Memoirs of
Queensland Museum 33(1): 379-387.
152. Couper P.J., Cohen M., Williams S.E. & Couper K. 1993. Reptile records for the Heathlands area,
Cape York Peninsula. Cape York Peninsula scientific expedition, wet season 1992 (Vol. 2). Royal
Geographical Society of Queensland, Brisbane.
153. Cohen M.P. & Williams S.E. 1993. Frogs of the Heathlands area, Cape York Peninsula. Cape York
Peninsula scientific expedition, wet season 1992 (Vol. 2). Royal Geographical Society of Queensland,
154. Cohen M.P. & Williams S.E. 1993. General ecology of the Cane toad, Bufo marinus, and
examination of their direct effects on native frog choruses at Heathlands, Cape York Peninsula. Cape
York Peninsula scientific expedition, wet season 1992 (Vol. 2). Royal Geographical Society of